Elementary Education in India – Objectives and Initiatives

Education has always played a pivotal role in the overall development of India. Elementary education is the foundation of our strong and robust education system. In India, it implies mandatory schooling of at least 8 years. However, the government has always been concerned about the progress and development of our primary education system, and therefore has been coming up with a number of innovative solutions each year.

Objectives of elementary education

Strong elementary or primary education is the base of every developed as well as developing country. The same is true for India too. The system of primary or elementary education in India prepares the road of overall development of every citizen. There are three chief objectives of elementary education in our country. These are:

Universal access: Providing learning facilities to the children of various sections of the society so that the commitment -Education for All’ becomes true in reality.

Universal retention: Making sure that the children taking admission in different educational levels continue with their studies in each and every situation.

Universal achievement: Achieving ultimate success by offering study materials and all other privileges to children

Programs launched by the Government of India

In order to spread the elementary education in India, the Indian government has taken up several initiatives. Go through the following part of the article to know about them:

In the year 1994, the Government of India started the -District Primary Education Programme’ (DPEP) in order to make elementary education easily accessible at the district level.

After 7 years of DPEP, the -Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’ (SSA) was launched in 2001. The purpose of this program was making elementary education universal as well as improving its quality and standard considerably via community ownership.

According to the Right to Education Act approved by the Supreme Court of India, education is considered one of the fundamental rights of kids and hence it is made free as well as compulsory for all children of the age group 6 to 14 years.

In order to look after the nationwide progress of the elementary education, the education department of India has started working collaboratively with various grassroots level structures including the Panchayati Raj institutions, Tribal Autonomous Councils, Village and Urban Slum Level Education Committees, Mother Teacher Associations, Parents` and Teachers` Associations, School Management Committees, and so on.

The Indian Government has also focused on different others aspects: student-teacher ratio, educational support, proper and efficient training of teachers, improvement of learning materials made for students as well as teaching stuff meant for teachers, development of infrastructure etc.

Initiatives have been taken to provide compulsory education, especially to girl children of the country. Many residential schools for girls are being set up in several districts of the country, under the Kasturba Gandhi Shiksha Yojana.

The Government has also come up with the -Mid Day Meal Scheme’ which is aimed at attract more number of children to the primary level of education, and thus boost up the rate of literacy significantly.

Elementary education has huge significance in each and every section of the Indian society. Therefore, making it accessible to all children can definitely help India come up as a financially stable nation.

Shradha Aggarwal is an Indian freelance writer. She has been writing about several courses, nursery admissions, coaching centers, education loan, exams, top schools in India,Freshers Jobs India, Engineering, medical, management, colleges in Delhi, Mumbai and other cities etc. for the last 7 years. You can read her articles on different websites and blogs.